Occupations B



Back Washer Employed to clean the wool in the worsted manufacturing industry
Backmaker Made "backs", vats, tubs, a Cooper
Backmann / Backster / Baxter / Beck / Becker Baker
Back' Us Boy Kitchen servant (from "back of the house")
Badger Licensed pauper who wore a badge with the letter P on it and could only work in a defined area (the term "Badgering comes from this"). A corn miller or dealer or an itinerant food trader
Badgy Fiddler Boy trumpeter in the military
Bagman Travelling salesman
Bagniokeeper In charge of a bath house or brothel
Bailiff / Bailie / Baillie / Baillee Officer of the sheriff, a land steward acting on behalf of the Landowner or Landlord and in Scotland a magistrate of the burgh, also looked after the fishing rights on certain rivers
Bairman or Bareman A pauper or Begger
Bal Maiden Female mine worker who worked on the surface (also a Pit Brow Lass)
Baler Bales hay and in the mills one who bailed wool or cotton goods
Balister Archer most commonly a crossbowman
Ballard Master In charge of loading the ballast into the hold of empty ships
Ballart Heaver Loaded ballast into the hold of empty ships
Baller / Baller Up Assisted the potter by measuring out the balls of clay
Band Filer Metal worker in the gun making industry
Bandster Bound the wheat sheaves after harvest
Bang Begger Officer of the parish who controlled the length of stay of any stranger to the parish
Banker Dug trenches and ditches to allow drainage of the land, placing the surplus earth in banks around the edge
Banksman Employed in the mining industry being in charge of the cages at the pit head (sometimes known as a bank manager)
Barber / Barber Surgeon A barber also also a surgeon (an Act was passed that limited Barbers to hair-cutting, shaving, dentistry and blood letting in the 18th century)
Bard Poet or minstral
Bareman Beggar or pauper
Barge Mate Naval officer
Bargee / Bargeman Worked on or owned and operated a barge
Barilla Manufacturer Made barilla, a substance obtained from burning saltworts, the resulting mixture of sodium salts being used in the glass and ceramics industry
Barkeeper Another name for a tollkeeper
Bartoner In charge of the monastic farm, also known as a barton
Basil Worker Worked with sheep and goat skins
Basketman Made baskets and furniture from wicker, and also employed to empty the basket of coal being offloaded from the colliers into the barges
Bass / Bast Dresser Employed in dressing fibre or matting
Bathing Machine Proprietor Owned and hired the changing huts used at the seaside in the by bathers
Batman Officers servant in the army
Batt Maker Made the wadding used in quilt and mattress making
Batter Out Sliced a short cylinder of clay (a bat) from a "pug" and threw it onto a mold shaped for the face of a ceramic plate
Battledore Maker Made the beaters used on clothes carpets etc to remove the dust (later made the paddles used in washing machines)
Bauer Farmer
Baxter Baker
Bayweaver Who wove bay (a fine woollen fabric also known as baize)
Bead Piecer Employed to drill the holes in beads
Beadle / Bedel / Bedell Officer of the parish whose principle duty was to keep order, also was the town crier
Beadman / Beadsman / Bedesman Employed to pray for his employer, inhabitant of an almshouse / poorhouse / hospital or tenant employed by the manor for a specific service
Beamer Winds the warp on the roller before putting it on the loom in the textile industry
Bearer Worked undergrpound carrying the coal to the bottom of the pit shaft and placed it in the containers for uplifting to the surface
Beater Cleansed and thickened the cloth by treading it underwater with fullers earth (aka Fuller)
Beaver Made felt used in hat making
Bedman Sexton
Bedral In Scotland a minor church official
Bedwevere Made the webbing for bed frames and also a one who wove quilts
Beeskepmaker Made beehives
Beetler Operated a beetling machine, used in the textile trade for embossing fabric
Belhoste Tavern keeper
Bell Hanger Installed bells in churches
Belleyetere Bellfounder
Bellfounder / Belter / Billiter Made bells
Bellman Employed as a watchman or town crier or who worked for the post office and collected letters for the mail coach by walking the streets and ringing a bell
Bellowfarmer Responsible for the care and maintenance of the church organ
Bellows Maker Made bellows used for organs or blacksmiths fires
Belly Builder Built and fitted the interiors of pianos
Bender Cut leather
Besom Maker Made brooms
Besswarden Appointed by the parish to look after its animals
Bever Beverage maker
Biddy Female servant usually of Irish stock
Bill Poster Put up notices, signs and advertisements
Billier / Billyman Operated a Billy Roller, a machine used in the cotton industry to prepare the cotton for spinning
Binder Bound items, e.g., books, hats etc
Bird Boy Employed to scare away birds from crops
Bird Catcher Caught birds for selling
Birds Nest Seller Sold bird nests collected from the wild complete with eggs which were then hatched by domestic birds and sold as pets
Birlyman In Scotland a ground officer or parish arbiter
Black Boarderer Made black edged stationery for funerals
Black Tray Maker Made Japanned trays
Blacking Maker Made polish for shoes
Bladesmith Swordmaker or knife maker
Blaxter / Bleacher Bleached cloth or paper pulp
Blemmere Plumber
Blentonist Water diviner
Blindsman Employed by the Post Office to deal with incorrectly addressed letters and parcels
Black Maker Engraved the blocks used in the printing
Black Printer Printer who used wooden blocks for printing
Blockcutter Made wooden blocks used in the hat trade or laid down the blocks on which a ships keel was laid; a blockcutter was also a person who made and cut the patterns into wooden blocks for textile printing
Bloodman / Bloodletter Used leeches for letting blood, this was thought to be a cure for many ailments
Bloomer Produced iron from ore, a bloom smithy
Blower Glass blower, one who operated a "blowing machine" used to clean and separate fibres in the textile trade, one who operated the bellows at a blacksmiths
Blowfeeder Fed the fibres into a "blowing machine"
Bluestocking Female writer
Bluffer Innkeeper or landlord of a pub
Boarding Officer Inspected ships before entering port
Boardman Truant officer who checked school attendance. a tenant of manorial land who paid rent by maintaining the manor's table
Boardwright Made tables and chairs aka carpenter
Boatman Worked on a boat, predominately on rivers and canals also the name given to a boat repairer
Boatswain Ship's officer in charge of riggings & sails
Bobber Who polished metals one who helped to unload fishing boats
Bobbin Carrier Worked in spinning and weaving sections of the mills
Bobbin Turner Made the bobbins used in the spinning and weaving industry
Bobby Policeman usually of constable rank
Bodeys / Body Maker Made bodices for womens garments
Bodger Craftsman who made wooden chair legs and the spars and usually worked in the actual woodland that they cut the timber in
Boiler Plater Made rolled iron plate used to make boilers for steam engines etc
Boilermaker Worked with metal in any industrial setting
Boll Looked after power looms in the weaving industry
Bolter Sifted meal
Bondager Female worker on a farm who was bonded
Bondman Bonded to a master for the purpose of learning a skill or trade
Bone Button Stood bond or surety for another where a bond was required by law
Bone Button Turner Made buttons using a lathe
Bone Lace Maker Made pillow lace
Bone Mould Turner Made the moulds for button manufacturers
Bone Picker Collected rags and bones aka Rag and Bone Man
Bonesetter Set broken bones
Boniface Keeper of an inn
Book Gilder Decorated books with gold leaf
Book Keeper Looked after the accounts for businesses
Bookholder Prompter in the theater
Bookman Student
Boonmaster Surveyor of roads with the responsibilities of maintaining and repairing the road
Boot Catcher Servant at inn who pulled off traveler's boots
Boot Closer Worked in the shoe trade stitching together all the parts of a shoe upper
Bootbinder Employed to operate the machines which bound footware
Boothman Corn merchant
Borler Who made cheap coarse clothing
Borsholder Regional name (Kent) for a constable
Botcher Tailor or cobbler
Bottiler / Bottler Made leather containers for holding liquids eg wine flasks or water bottles
Bottle Boy Pharmacists assistant
Bottom Knocker Sagger makers assistant in the pottery industry
Bottom Maker Moulded the bottoms for saggers in the pottery industry
Bottomer Worked down the pits moving the ore etc to the bottom of the shaft for removal
Bowdler Worked with iron ore
Bowker Bleached yarn. A local term in some parts of Lancashire for a butcher
Bowler Made bowls and dishes and also a term used for those who made the rounded part of spoons before casting
Bowlman / Bowlwoman Dealer in crockery
Bowlminder In charge of the vats used for washing raw wool before processing
Bowyer Made bows used in archery
Bozzler Parish constable
Brabener Weaver
Brachygrapher Shorthand writer
Braider Made cord by twisting threads or strips of leather
Brailler Made girdles
Brakeman / Brakesman Operated the winch at the pit head or operated the braking mechanism on trains and trams
Brasiler Dyer
Brazier Worker with brass
Brewster Female brewer or brewer
Brightsmith Metal worker
Broom Squire Broom maker
Broom-Dasher Dealer in brooms
Brotherer / Browderer / Broderer / Broiderer Embroiderer
Brow Girl Female employed at the pit head
Brownsmith Works with copper or brass
Buck Washer Laundress
Buckle Tongue Maker Made the metal points that go in the holes of a belt
Buckler / Bucklesmith Made buckles
Buckram Maker Worked with buckram (used in stiffening materials) e.g. belts, lapels and collars
Buddleboy Employed to use and maintain the vats used in the lead and tin mines for washing the ore
Buddler Women and children who washed the ore at the copper mines in Allihies, Berehaven
Buffalo Soldier Soldier serving in a black regiment in the US Army in the West
Bullocky Attended to the daily needs of cattle and may also have lent a hand with general farm duties, especially during busy periods
Bullwhacker Oxen driver
Bumboat Man Met ships at anchor with goods for passengers and crew to purchase
Bummaree Middle man between the wholesaler and the retailer at the fish markets
Bummer Army deserter
Bunter Female rag & bone collector
Burgess Represented a borough at official levels BURELER - made borel, a woollen cloth with a coarse feel
Burgomaster Mayor
Burler Quality inspector for clothing
Burmaiden Chambermaid or lady-in-waiting
Burneman Carrier of barm or water for brewers
Burye Man Grave digger
Bushel Maker Cooper
Busheler Tailor's helper
Busker Hair dresser
Buss Maker Maker of guns
Butner Button maker
Butter Carver Made imprints in butter pats
Button Burnisher Button polisher
Butty Negotiated mining contracts and supplied the labor